The rapid development of artificial intelligence technology and its widespread introduction into various areas of society exacerbate specific questions regarding the application of this technology. So, how to find a balance between innovation and responsibility? What are the responsible AI principles? Here is more about it.
What are the ethical issues covered in development of AI?
One way or another, technological progress is new opportunities, challenges, and a wide range of ethical issues. For example, what kind of knowledge about the user can AI accumulate, what advice can it give, and where is the limit of permissible interference? How to secure the interaction between humans and AI? Who makes the final decisions and is responsible for the negative consequences? So the main issues are:
- Bias and fairness
- Privacy and surveillance
- Accountability and transparency
- Safety and security
- Job displacement and economic inequality
- Autonomous decision-making and responsibility
- Ethical decision-making and value alignment
The rapid development of artificial intelligence technology has had a profound impact on all areas of human life and activity, like education, science, culture, the judiciary and legal practice, medicine, industry and transport, entrepreneurship, communication, information, etc. The properties of this technology – its autonomy, “reasonableness,” and the ability to influence a person – raise concerns about its development’s ethical and legal issues.
AI ethics is a set of voluntary principles and rules designed to create an environment for the trusted development of AI technologies. Since AI penetrates all spheres of our life, there is an increasing need to establish regulatory institutions around this technology. First of all, with the help of AI ethics, one of the main goals of all participants in the AI market is achieved – forming a trusting attitude of society in the form of end users of technologies to AI systems.
Legal issues of AI
Legal issues of artificial intelligence (AI) are complex and rapidly evolving as technology continues to advance. One of the main concerns is a liability for AI-generated outcomes, such as accidents caused by autonomous vehicles or errors in medical diagnoses and healthcare made by AI algorithms. There are also questions about ownership of AI-created content and potential infringement of intellectual property rights. Additionally, the use of AI in employment decisions raises issues around discrimination and bias. Another area of concern is data privacy and the use of personal data in AI systems. As AI becomes more integrated into our daily lives, it is important for legal frameworks to keep up and address these issues to ensure the responsible development and use of the technology.
Unethical AI examples
Unethical AI involves using artificial intelligence in ways that harm individuals, groups, or society as a whole. Some examples of unethical AI include biased algorithms that discriminate against certain groups of people, such as facial recognition systems that are less accurate for women and people of color. Another example is the use of AI in social engineering, where deepfakes and other forms of synthetic media are used to manipulate public opinion or spread false information. Autonomous weapons, which can make life or death decisions without human intervention, are also considered unethical by many. Additionally, the use of AI for surveillance and tracking without consent raises serious ethical concerns. These examples demonstrate the need for responsible development and use of AI, with a focus on ethical principles and values.
Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI
In general, codes of ethics outline a similar range of problems, which shows their relevance to the world. The priority of ethical artificial intelligence is to serve the benefit of people. AI should not allow discrimination and injustice, protect security and privacy (including personal data), and be accountable to a person; its actions must be transparent. The user must understand when interacting with AI and be able to stop such interaction.
There are the following fundamental principles on which AI should be based:
- the main priority of the development of AI technologies is to protect the interests of people, individual groups, and each person;
- the need for awareness of responsibility in the creation and use of AI;
- responsibility for the consequences of the use of AI always lies with the person;
- AI technologies should be implemented where they will benefit people;
- the interests in the development of AI technologies are higher than the interest in competition;
- maximum transparency and truthfulness in informing about the level of development of AI technologies, their capabilities, and risks are essential.
Artificial intelligence makes decisions, but humans lay down the rules. At the same time, many ethical dilemmas still do not have a straightforward solution. Modern technologies amplify and scale the problem. “The complex ethical issues that can arise when working with artificial intelligence or other modern technologies can only be solved by large communities, by the mental efforts of many people. Involving artificial intelligence developers in direct work on ethical dilemmas is the right direction.